Have one’s cake and eat it too.の意味や使い方を解説!英語で1日1フレーズ #111



今回のフレーズは「Have one’s cake and eat it too.」です。

「Have one’s cake and eat it too.」は、直訳すると「ケーキを持ってそれを食べる」となりますが、実際には「両立できないことを同時に求める」「相反する二つの利益を同時に得る」「二兎を追う」という意味になります。


例えば、高給の仕事と自由な時間を同時に求めているときに「You can’t have your cake and eat it too.(そんなにうまく両立できないよ)」と言うことができます。また、厳しいダイエットをしているのに、好きな食べ物を我慢せずに食べたいときにも、「If you want to lose weight, you can’t have your cake and eat it too.(減量したいなら、好きなものを食べることはできないよ)」と言うことができます。

ほかにも、「your」以外の代名詞を使うこともできます。例えば、「She wants to save money but still buy luxury items. She can’t have her cake and eat it too.(彼女はお金を節約しつつ高級品も買いたいと思っている。それを両立するのは無理だよ)」と言うこともできます。

「have one’s cake and eat it too」というフレーズの由来は、「ケーキを持つ」と「そのケーキを食べる」という行為が同時には成立しないという考えからきています。この表現は16世紀頃から使われ始め、欲張りすぎて結果的に何も得られない状況を示すために用いられるようになりました。

まとめると、「Have one’s cake and eat it too.」は、文字通り「ケーキを持ちながら食べる」という意味ではなく、両立できないことを同時に望むことを指します。このフレーズを使うことで、相反する二つの望みを同時に叶えることの難しさを表現することができます。

この「Have one’s cake and eat it too.」を使って、相反する欲求や矛盾した期待を表現する場面で活用してみてください。

Have one’s cake and eat it too.


その他の英語フレーズ一覧 [開く]

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.
A blessing in disguise.
A dime a dozen.
A feather in one's cap.
A penny for your thoughts.
A penny saved is a penny earned.
A picture is worth a thousand words.
A watched pot never boils.
Add insult to injury.
All ears.
All is fair in love and war.
All thumbs.
As cool as a cucumber.
As high as a kite.
Back to square one.
Back to the drawing board.
Backseat driver.
Barking up the wrong tree.
Beat a dead horse.
Beat around the bush.
Beggars can't be choosers.
Better safe than sorry.
Birds of a feather flock together.
Bite off more than one can chew.
Bite the bullet.
Blood is thicker than water.
Break a leg.
Burn the midnight oil.
Call it a day.
Caught between a rock and a hard place.
Clean as a whistle.
Close, but no cigar.
Cost an arm and a leg.
Cut corners.
Cut to the chase.
Don't judge a book by its cover.
Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.
Easy come, easy go.
Every dog has its day.
Fish out of water.
Fit as a fiddle.
Fortune favors the bold.
From rags to riches.
Get a taste of one's own medicine.
Get one's act together.
Get out of hand.
Give it a shot.
Give someone the benefit of the doubt.
Give someone the cold shoulder.
Go the extra mile.
Hit the hay.
Hit the nail on the head.
Hit the road.
Hit the sack.
Hold your horses.
Honesty is the best policy.
If it ain't broke, don't fix it.
Ignorance is bliss.
In the blink of an eye.
In the heat of the moment.
In the twinkling of an eye.
It takes two to tango.
Jump on the bandwagon.
Jump the gun.
Jumping through hoops.
Jumping to conclusions.
Keep it under your hat.
Keep one's fingers crossed.
Keep your chin up.
Keep your eyes peeled.
Mind over matter.
On the ball.
Out of sight, out of mind.
Put a sock in it.
Success is a journey, not a destination.
The ball is in your court.
Under the weather.
Where there's a will, there's a way.